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ARTICHOKE:
Also known as globe artichoke. The large flower bud of a type of thistle, grown primarily in the Mediterranean and in California. The tightly-packed cluster of tough-pointed, prickly leaves, conceals tender, gray-green flesh at the vegetable's center--the heart.

A globe artichoke is easily prepared for cooking. While trimming, dip the artichoke repeatedly in a mixture of water and lemon juice to prevent discoloring.

ARUGULA:
Green leaf vegetable, Mediterranean in origin, with slender, multiple-lobed leaves that have a peppery, slightly bitter flavor. Often used raw in salads, also known as rocket.

ASPIC:
Jellied meat, fish or poultry stock or vegetable liquid often used for molding meat, fish, poultry or vegetables.

AU GRATIN:
Topped with crumbs and/or cheese and browned in the oven or under the broiler.

AU JUS:
A French term meaning served with unthickened natural juices that develop during roasting.

AU LAIT:
A French term meaning served with milk.

AVOCADO:
A fruit that grows in tropical and subtropical climates. The fruit may be round, oval or pear-shaped. Its skin color ranges from green to dark purple, depending on the variety. Avocados have a yellow-green pulp and contain one large seen. They are highly nutritious and rich in vitamins, minerals and oil. Eat fresh in dips, salads and desserts. Base ingredient for guacamole.

BABY BACK RIBS:
Especially juicy and tender, small pork ribs cut from the top of a young animal's center loin section.

BARBECUE SAUCE:
Sweet, tart and spicy sauce used to baste foods or as a condiment for grilled foods. Although recipes vary widely, common elements include tomato, sugar or molasses, vinegar, and a hot spice such as a chili or mustard.

BELGIAN ENDIVE:
Refreshing, slightly bitter spear-shaped leaves, white to pale yellow-green or sometimes red, tightly packed in cylindrical heads, 4-6 inches; also known as chicory or witloof.

BISQUE
A thick cream soup.

CANAPE
Plain or toasted bread or crackers topped with a savory mixture, served as an appetizer or with cocktails.

CHUTNEY:
A highly seasoned relish of fruits, herbs and spices.


Food Terms A-AR CK-FI FL-L M-P Q-Z